Full disclosure. I am by trade a playwright. I may be an artist-in-residence, producer, sound designer, graphic designer, voiceover artist and marketing department for my own theatre company, which, yes, I co-founded. Those are things I do and can do. But I identify myself as a writer.

With that in mind, you’ll understand why I spent Tuesday afternoon watching, reading and jousting with the Outrageous Fortune discussion hosted by Arena Stage.

If you’re reading this post, I shouldn’t have to explain Outrageous Fortune to you. Odds are, you’re familiar with it from any one of a number of the blogs listed below. In short, it sucks to be a playwright. Also, it sucks to be a major regional theatre. That does lose some of the nuance, but why sugarcoat it? If you’d like a good general overview of the book and its findings–and a rough approximation of the type of conversation–check out Paul Mullin’s coverage of the Seattle stop on their tour.

Before I go on, I would like to point out a pleasing irony. At the start, the authors gave shout outs to various blogs and websites that have been active in discussing and debating the Outrageous Fortune study, including As the talk continued and people wondered aloud why the theatre world is so slow to adopt new technologies, I couldn’t help but note that 2amtheatre and the #2amt tag didn’t even exist when they started on the book tour, let alone when they started the study.

And what is 2amt about?

2amt is a gathering place for ideas.

Genuine ideas seemed to be in short supply. We heard talk of maybe more open rehearsals or more mass mailings to draw people into theatres. We were told that there were no “one size fits all” solutions that would work. We playwrights were told that instead of letting cost and cast size dictate our stories, we should “write the play we need to write,” no matter how large. We were reminded that bigger is better sometimes, remembering the days of shows with 67 cast members for a straight dramatic play. We kept hearing how the theatre world has been slow to adapt to or understand new technologies and new ways of connecting and communicating. We were told that artistic directors have trouble finding new work and new playwrights.

Me, I need to write plays that will be produced. It’s that simple.

Do I mind a smaller cast size? Not at all. I like the creative challenge of keeping my casts small and my stories economical. Does that mean I skimp on the story? Well, last year at Riverrun, we produced a show that used five people to give a “rough guide to the underworld.” There were approximately 24 characters woven through storylines ranging from the tragic loss of a son to the pitching of a film based on Dante, from a marketing plan for Hell as a vacation spot to the soul of Clara Clemens searching all these years for her father, Samuel. There was a new understanding of Schrodinger’s Cat as well as a love story spanning much of time and space.

That’s only a fraction of the story. Doesn’t sound like cast or cost made much difference, does it?

Process this.

How about more open rehearsals and more mass mailings. “Maybe we should budget for four extra days of rehearsal.” No. Really. Not if the idea is for open rehearsals in that time. And mailings? Just no.

You may find it hard to believe, but most people don’t really want to watch us rehearse. I’ve been to plenty of open rehearsals. The last one I watched was during last year’s Humana Festival. People showed up to visit in the bar, to meet the playwright, to chat with each other. How many? Maybe fifteen. When it was time to go into the theatre, of that fifteen only three people went in, myself included. The other two left within half an hour.

I might be interested in that part of the process, but I come at it with a professional interest, both as a playwright and a producer. Most people see unfinished work, out of context, repeated ad nauseum. They’ll be able to do the lines with the actors when they come back to see the show. If they come back to see the show. That’s not a given. And from the other side, as a playwright, I don’t want an audience to see the work out of context; if I did, I would have written it differently. I want the audience to see the work as it’s intended to be presented. And that’s not even considering how the actors feel about it.

Yes, involve audiences in “the process,” but show them the process of making theatre in general. You can do that easily without damaging the impact of a play or disrupting a working rehearsal. Have craft events where you demonstrate costuming and prop fabrication. Tour the shops. Hold a 360 Storytelling event, which doesn’t just show them the process, it lets them BE the process.

All of these are more interactive, and all of them give the audience members a reason to do more than come to your building and sit. Best of all, the 360 can attract new audience members, depending on where you hold the event.

And yes, that’s a one-size-fits-all idea.

Size doesn’t matter.

We also heard about how we need to go bigger. Okay. How? Why?

Bigger is not the word.


More is what you want to do, what you need to do. More is what your audiences want. More events, more affordable tickets, more things to do and see. We’ve talked a lot here about the importance of becoming a part of your community. Here is that idea in its most basic form.

Your theatre needs to be a central, social space in your community. Period.

Think about it. How often does your average audience member come through your door? Once or twice a month? Once every six weeks? Is it a matter of price or a matter of scheduling? Wouldn’t it be wonderful to get that person more often, to bring them through the door regularly? What if they just dropped by to see what was happening that day?

If I’m only coming through your door once every six to eight weeks, your theatre is not a part of my life.

Only connect.

The theatre world is slow to adapt. Whether it’s new technology, new social media, what have you. This is what we were told.

Tell that to the range of theatres that weren’t big enough to be covered in the study. That may be true of a lot of theatres–and I know plenty of theatres who are several years behind the curve on social media–but it certainly isn’t true at every level. We’ve adapted not because we’ve had to, but because we can. Because it’s easy. Because, in many cases, it’s free.

Resorting to old ideas and trying them again and again, that’s why “we’re” slow.

At the Q&A portion, I asked why they thought theatre was so slow to adapt, pointing out the number of theatres that have adapted but weren’t part of the survey. They didn’t answer the question so much as illustrate it. At that, they were amused by the idea of getting questions from “Twitter,” as if it were some clever robot creature formulating theatre-related questions. They dismissed one question briefly as being “too twittered to answer” just yet.

E.M. Forster said, “Only connect.” That’s easier today than ever before.

This website is proof of that.

So how do we get to more?

One person suggested that major regional theatres have plenty of money in endowments and grants, so they could take risks and lose money. The authors then took up that line of thought, and said no, “there is no room to fail.” You heard that right. “There is no room to fail.”

Two disconnects don’t make a right.

Yes, endowments and grants give major theatres a cushion. But you won’t get anywhere suggesting that it’s all right to lose money. We shouldn’t be talking in terms of “losing money” and “failing.” Instead, we should think about “spending money wisely.”

Right about then, on Twitter, Bilal Dardai posted this quote from Beckett:

If there is no room to fail, then there is no room to try.

What if you could boost your attendance and add more offerings without doing much damage to your bottom line? Better yet, what if those offerings drew different audiences, newer audiences, younger audiences into your building? And what if those offerings led you to new discoveries, new artists, new work?

Put me in, Coach.

I also asked a question about larger companies adopting smaller companies. They’d already noted that in this economy, the companies that are thriving most are the smaller theatres. My suggestion was that larger regional theatres might consider adopting and hosting smaller theatre companies in their auxiliary spaces as a sort of “junior varsity.” This would be a way for audiences to have more choice. It would be a way for the larger theatre to discover new playwrights and new work. It would also, in many cases, be a way to attract new and different–and younger–audiences into their building. So why not try that?

Well, theatres might not be looking for collaborators, and the smaller companies might not produce at the same level of quality expected in the larger theatre. Or they may have quality but not the same kind of vitality as the larger theatre.

I didn’t say anything about collaboration. I also didn’t imply anything about the relative quality of either company. I simply asked, why not host smaller companies? Some theatres already do–Arena, the Public, Steppenwolf, A.C. T. in Seattle. The Late Seating at Actors Theatre of Louisville does this to a limited extent.

Consider this. You’re a major regional theatre. You’ve cut your budget, which means cutting shows, programs, etc. But you still have a black box. Invite some local professional quality companies to play there. Don’t charge them rent, but take a small percentage of the box office. Advertise them along with your season–making a clear distinction between who produces what. Allow them to advertise freely to their current audiences.

What does that do? It supports theatre artists living and working in your community, it allows them to thrive. It gives more people more reason to come through your doors. It puts more events on your calendar. It allows for lower production costs and, depending, lower ticket prices which in turn attracts more people. It lets you get to know new playwrights and new work, and it gives that work a certain seal of approval for other theatre companies to take seriously. You’re a partner, not a parent.

Cooperation, not collaboration.

Yes, you’ll want a say in what’s produced in your building, and that’s only fair. Join the smaller company’s board, let them know you have a stake in their success. But beyond that, let the smaller company run free.

Look at the Steppenwolf Garage. You could have that kind of excitement in your space. You really could.

There’s your more. There’s your space as the beating heart of your community.

The tip of the iceberg.

I’ve heard that running a major regional theatre is like steering a large ship. You keep your hand on the wheel, and you keep it steady. Which is a lovely image. But a large ship is hard to steer, and some of us who think analogies through can see icebergs ahead.

Given the so-called 3-5 year process of developing a play, you’d think they’d have time to steer.

This little collection of ideas is only the tip of the iceberg. Better yet, after suffering the slings and arrows of Outrageous Fortune, think of them as arms against a sea of troubles.

And yes, 3-5 years is the time frame we heard about today. This is why some theatre is less relevant to today’s audiences. That’s a longer lag time than animation. It’s also, again, why some theatres appear to be slow.

The audience is out there. They’re not looking for transparency and a look at our precious process.

A window is transparent. A door is open.

Let’s welcome them in.

  • March 16, 2010
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